Children in Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Summary: Children by race and ethnicity as a proportion of all in poverty

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This database contains the total number of persons in poverty in the United States and the share of children in poverty by racial and ethnic measures.  Poverty is based on money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who is in poverty. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold, then that family and every individual in it is considered in poverty. The official poverty thresholds do not vary geographically, but they are updated for inflation using Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). The official poverty definition uses money income before taxes and does not include capital gains or noncash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid, and food stamps). The average poverty threshold for a family of four in 2011 was $23,021.  2013 reflects survey results baseed on the CPS sample of 68,000 addresses.  2013R reflects results based on a redesigned survey mailed to 30,000 addresses.


Over the years, the Census Bureau has implemented several changes in its collection of these data.  As a result, data are not available for all possible search combinations. These changes include:



Geographic Coverage: U.S.

Periodicity: Annually

Series Begins/Ends: 1959 - 2020

Source (APA): RAND State Statistics. (2022, February 1). Children in Poverty by Race and Ethnicity.
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Derived From: U.S. Bureau of the Census

Updated:  Feb. 01, 2022 Estimated next update: May 31, 2023

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Free users may access only the most recent year's data.

2013(R) reflects is the portion of the CPS ASEC sample which received the redesigned income questions, approximately 30,000 addresses.
2017(R) reflects implementation of an updated CPS ASEC processing system.