Federal Food Program Participation & Benefits

Summary: Participation in federal food programs and benefits

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This database contains participation rates and benefits for federal food programs, such as Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), School Breakfast, Special Milk Program, Child And Adult Care Food Program, and Summer Food Service Programs.  Note that the number of participants or households may contain fractions based on caseloads.  Data are reported by Fiscal Year, which runs from Oct. 1-Sep. 30.  For example, 2014 data reflect Oct. 1, 2013-Sept. 30, 2014.  Some data reflect revisions from that earlier reported.


  • Participation data for the National School Lunch program are nine-month averages; June-August are excluded. Participation is based on average daily meals divided by an attendance factor of 0.927. Department of Defense activity, where reported, represents children of armed forces personnel attending schools overseas.

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Geographic Coverage: U.S., States

Periodicity: Annually

Series Begins/Ends: 2008 - 2019

Data Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food, Nutrition and Consumer Service

Updated:  Jul. 10, 2020 Estimated next update: Jun. 06, 2021

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