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Poverty Status of Families


Summary: Poverty status of families by race, ethnicity, marital status, and children present

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This database contains the estimated number of families in poverty in March of the following year by race, ethnicity, marital status, and children present.  Poverty is based on money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who is in poverty. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold, then that family and every individual in it is considered in poverty. The official poverty thresholds do not vary geographically, but they are updated for inflation using Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). The official poverty definition uses money income before taxes and does not include capital gains or noncash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid, and food stamps).  

 

Because the Census Bureau changed demographic reporting categories in 2003, data are not available for all possible search combinations. For example, the category "Black with children under 18 years" was replaced by two multi-race categories, e.g., "Black alone or in combination with children under 18 years" and "Black alone with children under 18 years."  In this example, data are available for "Black with children under 18 years" from 1967-2001, but not after year 2001.  Data for the multi-race categories, "Black alone or in combination with children under 18 years" and "Black alone with children under 18 years" are available only since 2002.  Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanic origin are not available prior to 1972.  Prior to 1979 unrelated subfamilies were included in all families. Beginning in 1979 unrelated subfamilies are excluded from all families.

 


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Geographic Coverage: U.S.

Periodicity: Annually

Series Begins/Ends: 1959 - 2019

Data Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census

Updated:  Nov. 03, 2020 Estimated next update: Aug. 25, 2021

Please choose a racial and ethnic category.    <ul>
<li>All races: All race categories
<li>Asian alone: Persons who reported Asian and did not report any other race category.
<li>Asian alone or in combination: Persons who reported Asian, whether or not they reported any other races.
<li>Black: Persons having  origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa.
<li>Black alone: Persons who reported Black and did not report any other race category.
<li>Black alone or in combination: Persons who reported Black, whether or not they reported any other races.
<li>Hispanic: Persons of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race.  Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
<li>White: Persons having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.
<li>White alone: White Alone refers to people who reported White and did not report any other race category.
<li>White alone, not Hispanic: White Alone refers to people who reported White and did not report any other race category and reported not Hispanic ethnicity.
<li>White not Hispanic: Persons having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa but do not report Hispanic ethnicity.
</ul>    All

Please choose family status category.    All

Please choose a time period.




2013(R) reflects is the portion of the CPS ASEC sample which received the redesigned income questions, approximately 30,000 addresses.
2017(R) reflects implementation of an updated CPS ASEC processing system.

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